Measurement

Lesson

Like we saw in our chapters describing circumferences and areas of circles we now have the following rules.

About circles

$\text{Circumference, C}=2\pi r$Circumference, C=2π`r`

$\text{Area, A}=\pi r^2$Area, A=π`r`2

What if we don't have an entire circle?

Well, half a circle would have half the area or half the circumference. One quarter of a circle would have a quarter of the area, or a quarter of the circumference. In fact all we need to know is what fraction the sector is of a whole circle. For this all we need to know is the angle of the sector.

Looking at the quarter circle, the angle of the sector is $90$90°. The fraction of the circle is $\frac{90}{360}=\frac{1}{4}$90360=14.

More generally, If the angle of the sector is $\theta$`θ`, then the fraction of the circle is represented by

$fraction=\frac{\theta}{360}$`f``r``a``c``t``i``o``n`=`θ`360 (due to there being $360$360° in a circle).

**Question**: Find the area and circumference of a sector with central angle of $126$126° and radius of $7$7cm. Evaluate to $2$2 decimal places.

**Think**: What fraction is this sector of a whole circle? What are the rules for circumference and area?

**Do**: This sector is $\frac{126}{360}=0.35$126360=0.35 of a circle.

Circumference of a whole circle is $C=2\pi r$`C`=2π`r`, so the perimeter of the sector is

$0.35\times2\pi r$0.35×2πr |
$=$= | $0.35\times2\pi\times7$0.35×2π×7 |

$=$= | $0.35\times14\pi$0.35×14π | |

$=$= | $4.9\times\pi$4.9×π | |

$=$= | $15.39$15.39 cm (rounded to $2$2 decimal places) |

Area of a circle is $A=\pi r^2$`A`=π`r`2, so the area of the sector is

$0.35\times\pi r^2$0.35×πr2 |
$=$= | $0.35\pi\times7^2$0.35π×72 |

$=$= | $17.15\pi$17.15π | |

$=$= | $53.88$53.88 cm^{2} (rounded to 2 decimal places) |

Consider the sector below.

Calculate the perimeter. Give your answer correct to $2$2 decimal places.

Calculate the area. Give your answer correct to $2$2 decimal places.

Consider the sector below.

Calculate the perimeter. Round your answer to two decimal places.

Calculate the area. Round your answer to two decimal places.

A goat is tethered to a corner of a fenced field (shown). The rope is $9$9 m long. What area of the field can the goat graze over?

Give your answer correct to 2 decimal places.

Find the perimeters and areas of circles and composite shapes and the volumes of prisms, including cylinders