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Finding the unknown (mult/div)


Finding the missing number in multiplication questions

We have seen how to find the missing number when our number problem involves addition or subtraction, but what if our number problem includes multiplication or division? We can still use some of those strategies, but there are other strategies that may fit the problem we are working on, such as:

  • multiplication facts, or times tables, 
  • multiplying by multiples of ten, or
  • turnarounds.

In Video 1, we look at how some of these strategies can help us find missing values in multiplication problems.


What about division?

Since division is closely related to multiplication, we can use some of the same strategies that we used with multiplication. In particular, fact families are one of the best strategies for working with division. How can they help? Well, let's work through some examples in Video 2, to find the missing number in our division problems.


There are other ways to find missing numbers, so you may have ideas of your own to use as well.



Question 1

What must $j$j be equal to so that $6\times j=30$6×j=30 is true?


What must $p$p be equal to so that $6\div p=3$6÷​p=3 is true?


What must $t$t be equal to so that $t\times6=12\times4$t×6=12×4 is true?



Connect members of sequential patterns with their ordinal position and use tables, graphs, and diagrams to find relationships between successive elements of number and spatial patterns.

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