6. Multiplication and division

Lesson

Can you use an array to write a multiplication number sentence ?

Select the array that shows the following statement:\quad 3 \text{ times } 7

A

B

C

D

Worked Solution

Idea summary

We get the same answer whichever way we look at our array.

Let's see how we can use an array to help solve division problems.

We need to equally share these apples between 4 people. How many does each person get?

Worked Solution

Idea summary

When we write a division number sentence, we always start with the total amount that we are going to equally share into groups.

\text{Total amount} \div \text{Number of groups}

uses mental and informal written strategies for multiplication and division