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Grade 10

Calendar Equations (Investigation)



  • To practice solving for a different variable.
  • To practice creating equations with one variable.


  • Internet
  • Printer
  • Pen


  1. Print out a calendar for the current month.
  2. Work with a partner to play the game.

How to Play

  1. One of you should pick a clear pattern on the calendar. For instance I may choose to pick 4 days that form a box, or I can choose 4 days that create a diagonal on the calendar. Don’t show your partner which days you pick, just mark them on your calendar. Choose at least 2 days.
  2. Sum up all of the numbers of the days you have chosen and tell this number to your partner along with the amount of numbers you summed together to reach it. Also give them the dimension of any shapes you made in your pattern or tell them how long any lines you created are.
  3. Your partner will create a one variable expression and use it to guess the days you chose.
  4. Keep taking turns, creating new patterns, and guessing the days that your partner chose.


  1. Answer all of the following questions every time you are trying to guess the days your partner chose.
  2. What equation did you use to represent the sum of the days in terms of one variable?
  3. Is there another way to write this equation? If so, what is it?
  4. Why does the second representation work as well?
  5. What were the days that your partner was thinking of?
  6. If your partner were to just give you the sum and the amount of days that they added up would you be able to guess which days they are thinking of? Why or why not?



Solve first-degree equations involving one variable, including equations with fractional coefficients

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