Measurement

Ontario 10 Applied (MFM2P)

Volume of composite solids

Lesson

Composite solids are just a combination of simpler solids in disguise.

To find the volume of composite solids such as these:

- break down the shape into smaller and simpler solids
- find the volume of the individual smaller solids
- add up the volumes of the individual solids to find the total volume

The exception to these steps is when the solid we are looking at is more simply considered as a larger solid with a smaller solid cut out of it, like these ones.

In this case we would

- identify the large solid as well as the solid that has been cut out of it
- find the volume of both pieces
- subtract the volume of the cut out piece from the volume of the larger piece

Two holes are drilled through a rectangular prism as shown. Calculate the volume of the solid correct to one decimal place.

Find the volume of the figure shown, correct to 2 decimal places.

Solve problems involving the surface areas of prisms, pyramids, and cylinders, and the volumes of prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones, and spheres, including problems involving combinations of these figures, using the metric system or the imperial system, as appropriate