You may have learned about estimating and measuring capacity. Capacity is a word to describe how much something holds. We often use this when we think about containers.
Now we will look at comparing objects by their capacity. To compare objects we look at how much they will hold, make sure they are in the same measurement unit (such as litres) and then decide which is larger and which is smaller.
Watch this video to learn about comparing objects by their capacity.
Try these questions for yourself.
Look at the two boxes and their capacities.
|Box 1||Box 2|
|Capacity $=$=$25$25 L||Capacity $=$=$50$50 L|
Which box is bigger?
Look at the picture showing three measuring cylinders.
Which cylinder has the greatest capacity?
Which cylinder has the least capacity?
Which cylinder has the capacity closest to $600$600 mL?
We can use our mathematical knowledge to work with capacities. For example, if we have three jugs that each hold $4$4 litres, we can work out three lots of four ($3\times4$3×4) to find the total capacity. $3\times4=12$3×4=12, so the jugs can hold $12$12 litres altogether.
Watch this video to learn more about working with capacities.
Now try these questions for yourself.
Here is a list of the capacities of three different shaped ice cubes.
Which ice cube holds the most?
If three of each ice cube was made, which would take the least amount of water to make?
Ryan has some friends coming over and wants to make some fruit punch for them to drink.
In his kitchen then are three jugs with the following capacities:
If he wanted to make $760$760 mL of fruit punch, which jug should Ryan choose?