Similar to solving quadratics we have a few methods to choose between when solving cubic equations:
When factorising a cubic recall we can factorise by:
Solve the equation $x^3=-8$x3=−8.
Solve the equation $x^3-49x=0$x3−49x=0.
State the solutions on the same line, separated by a comma.
The cubic $P\left(x\right)=x^3-2x^2-5x+6$P(x)=x3−2x2−5x+6 has a factor of $x-3$x−3.
Solve for the roots of the cubic. If there is more than one root, state the solutions on the same line separated by commas.
There are algebraic and graphical methods that we can use to solve inequalities involving the cubes of unknowns. We'll discuss a couple of examples.
While this is a straightforward example, try to pay close attention to the strategies involved. The same strategies can be used for much more difficult questions.
Using an algebra approach, we write:
Using a graphical approach we can graph $f\left(x\right)=\left(x-2\right)^3$f(x)=(x−2)3 and $g\left(x\right)=-27$g(x)=−27 on the same set of axes, and then see for what values of $x$x is $f\left(x\right)\le g\left(x\right)$f(x)≤g(x). The result, shown graphically is $x\le-1$x≤−1.
An alternative approach is to rearrange the inequality so that $\left(x-2\right)^3+27\le0$(x−2)3+27≤0, and form the function $h\left(x\right)=\left(x-2\right)^3+27$h(x)=(x−2)3+27. Then see for what $x$x is $h\left(x\right)\le0$h(x)≤0. Again, shown graphically, the same result is found.
Solve the inequality $\left(x+2\right)^3>-64$(x+2)3>−64.
Use the graph of the function $y=\left(x-1\right)\left(x+1\right)\left(x-3\right)$y=(x−1)(x+1)(x−3), provided below, to solve the inequality $\left(x-1\right)\left(x+1\right)\left(x-3\right)\le0$(x−1)(x+1)(x−3)≤0.
Select all correct regions.
Use the graph of the function $y=2x^3-4x^2-30x$y=2x3−4x2−30x and the line $y=-72$y=−72 below to solve the inequality $2x^3-4x^2-30x<-72$2x3−4x2−30x<−72.
Solve cubic inequalities in the form k(x – a)(x – b)(x – c) ⩽ d graphically.
Solve cubic equations.