We will now combine everything we have learned about positive and negative (directed) numbers and the order of operations with our knowledge of fractions and decimals.
The symbol $<$< represents the phrase is less than. For example, $\frac{3}{2}$−32 is less than $\frac{3}{4}$34 can be represented by $\frac{3}{2}<\frac{3}{4}$−32<34.
The symbol $>$> represents the phrase is greater than. For example, $\frac{4}{3}$43 is greater than $\frac{2}{3}$−23 can be represented by $\frac{4}{3}>\frac{2}{3}$43>−23.
On the number line below, each tick is labelled with a multiple of the fraction $\frac{1}{5}$15. We can see that the point further to the left is plotted at the fraction $\frac{3}{5}$−35, and the point further to the right is plotted at the fraction $\frac{6}{5}$65.
This means $\frac{6}{5}$65 is greater than $\frac{3}{5}$−35. It is the numbers' positions on the number line that helps us decide which number is greater (not their magnitudes).
We follow the exact same rules as before, we just need to take care when dealing with negative numbers.
We can divide fractions with keep, change, flip.
Evaluate $\frac{7}{10}\div\frac{4}{9}$−710÷49.
Think: Following the steps above, we want to keep the first fraction $\frac{7}{10}$−710 as is, change the division operation to multiplication, and finally take the reciprocal of (or flip) $\frac{4}{9}$49. We also know that we are dividing a negative number by a positive number, so the result will be a negative number.
Do: The reciprocal of $\frac{4}{9}$49 is $\frac{9}{4}$94. We then want to multiply by this giving us $\frac{7}{10}\div\frac{4}{9}=\frac{7}{10}\times\frac{9}{4}$−710÷49=−710×94.
We can now multiply the numerators and denominators, $\frac{7\times9}{10\times4}$−7×910×4 and evaluate the multiplications taking care to use the right signs, $\frac{63}{40}$−6340. So $\frac{7}{10}\div\frac{4}{9}=\frac{63}{40}$−710÷49=−6340.
Reflect: By combining all we know about rational numbers and positive and negative numbers, we can follow a series of simple steps to arrive at the correct answer. We knew before calculating anything that our answer was going to be a negative number. It is useful to know whether to expect a positive or negative answer before evaluating, as this can help us know if we have made a mistake if we end up with an answer that is not the expected sign.
As with fractions, we follow the same rules as before, taking into account if our numbers are positive and/or negative to decide whether our answer will be positive or negative.
Evaluate $4.83\times\left(5.7\right)$4.83×(−5.7)
Think: We are multiplying a positive number by a negative number, so we know that the product will be negative. Ignoring the signs we can now calculate $4.83\times5.7$4.83×5.7 as we normally would, remembering to add the negative sign back to our answer.
Do: Before we even begin to calculate the answer it can be a good idea to have an estimation of the answer, especially when dealing with decimals. This will help us confirm our final answer is of the right magnitude.
Rounding both numbers to the nearest whole, gives us the much simpler calculation $5\times6$5×6, which we can evaluate to get $30$30, so we would expect our answer to be close to this value, taking into account the negative, we can expect our answer to be roughly equal to $30$−30.
Now, to start the process, we ignore the decimal points. In this case we get $483$483 and $57$57. We can then multiply these together using the vertical algorithm:
$4$4  $8$8  $3$3  
$\times$×  $5$5  $7$7  
$3$3  $3$3  $8$8  $1$1 
Evaluating $483\times7$483×7 

$+$+  $2$2  $4$4  $1$1  $5$5  $0$0 
Evaluating $483\times5\times10$483×5×10 

$2$2  $7$7  $5$5  $3$3  $1$1 
Adding the two products together 
Now, to account for the decimal point, we add the total number of decimal places in the original numbers together.
In this case the original numbers are $4.83$4.83, which has two decimal places, and $5.7$5.7, which has one decimal place. So their product will have $2+1=3$2+1=3 decimal places.
Then to find the answer, we take the product that we calculated before and insert the decimal point such that there are $3$3 decimal places.
Finally, we need to account for the fact that we were actually multiplying by $5.7$−5.7. So our final answer will be $27.531$−27.531.
This is very close to our original estimate of $30$−30.
The reciprocal of a number is $1$1 divided by that number.
The magnitude of a number is its distance from zero.
Which decimal is greater?
$0.74$−0.74
$0.8$0.8
Evaluate $\frac{2}{5}\times\left(\frac{9}{7}\right)$−25×(−97).
Evaluate the quotient $7.36\div\left(0.08\right)$7.36÷(−0.08)
Use the properties and order of operations, and the relationships between operations, to solve problems involving rational numbers, ratios, rates, and percents, including those requiring multiple steps or multiple operations.
Use mental math strategies to multiply and divide whole numbers and decimal numbers up to thousandths by powers of ten, and explain the strategies used.
Add and subtract fractions, using appropriate strategies, in various contexts.
Multiply and divide fractions by fractions, as well as by whole numbers and mixed numbers, in various contexts.