 # 13.02 Outcomes

Lesson

## Idea title

Can you remember the words we can use to  describe chance  ?

### Examples

#### Example 1

What is the chance of winning the lottery?

A
Impossible
B
Unlikely
Worked Solution
Create a strategy

Think about if it is possible to win the lottery.

Apply the idea

Winning the lottery does happen but it is extremely rare. So it is unlikely to win the lottery. So the answer is option B.

Idea summary

Terms to describe chance:

• Impossible: definitely will NOT happen.

• Unlikely: more likely NOT to happen than to happen.

• Even chance: one thing is not more likely to happen than the other

• Likely: more likely to happen than not to happen.

• Certain: definitely will happen.

## Spinners and dice

Do you know how to use and interpret the actions of a spinner or a die? This video will show you how.

### Examples

#### Example 2

If you spin this spinner:

a

What is the most likely symbol to spin?

A
B
C
Worked Solution
Create a strategy

Count how many times each option appears on the spinner.

Apply the idea

The pig and ball appear on the spinner twice, while the apple appear three times.

So, the apple is the most likely symbol to spin.

b

What is the likelihood of spinning an apple?

A
Unlikely
B
Likely
C
Even chance
Worked Solution
Create a strategy

Count the number of apples on the spinner and compare it to the total number of symbol that appear on the spinner.

Apply the idea

There are 3 apple symbols out of 8 symbols in the spinner. 3 out of 8 is not too many, since 3 is less than half of 8.

So it is unlikely to spin an apple, the correct answer is A.

Idea summary

If something appears on a spinner or die more than half the time, then it will be likely to land on.

If something appears on a spinner or die less than half the time, then it will be unlikely to land on.

## Cards

Playing cards are often used as a prop when exploring chance. This video will show you what is in a deck of cards so you can make sense of chance questions about cards.

### Examples

#### Example 3

These four cards are shuffled and you draw one at random:

a

What are the chances of drawing a Jack, Queen, or King?

A
Unlikely
B
Likely
C
Even chance
Worked Solution
Create a strategy

Count the number of cards that is either a King, Jack or Queen and compare it to the total number of cards present.

Apply the idea

There are 4 cards in total, and 2 of them are Jacks, Queens, or Kings. 2 out of 4 means it can happen half of the time or there is an even chance of happening. So the correct answer is C.

b

What are the chances of drawing a card with a number less than 4?

A
Unlikely
B
Likely
C
Even chance
Worked Solution
Create a strategy

Count the number of card that are less than 4 and compare it to the total number of cards present.

Apply the idea

There is 1 card out of 4 cards that is less than 4. 1 out of 4 is less than half so it is unlikely to draw a card that is less than 4. So the correct answer is A.

Idea summary

Whatever we use to look at chance, it's important to consider all of the possible outcomes, as well as the total objects we have.