# 10.04 Picture graphs

Lesson

## Ideas

Do you know how to read information in a  table  ?

### Examples

#### Example 1

Avril asks her friends what they like to eat when they go out with their family. She puts her results in the following table.

a

How many friends did Avril ask?

Worked Solution
Create a strategy

Add all the numbers in the 'Number of Friends' column.

Apply the idea
b

Which food do Avril's friends like the least?

A
Kebab
B
Hamburger
C
Taco
Worked Solution
Create a strategy

Choose the food in the given table with the smallest number of friends.

Apply the idea

The food with the smallest number of friends is Kebab with 3 friends.

So the correct answer is option A.

Idea summary

We can organise how many times something occurs in a table and use it to answer questions.

## Key features of picture graphs

This video uses an example of a picture graph to understand all the important elements of this type of graph including the rows, columns, title and key.

### Examples

#### Example 2

A group of children are going to the mall and are asked, "What is your favourite shop?" This picture graph shows the store they chose.

a

Complete the frequency table below for the number of children.

Worked Solution
Create a strategy

Use the data given in the table and remember that 1 image represents 5 children.

Apply the idea

For the Sweets store, there are 9 images. So, 9 \times 5 = 45.

For the Games store, there are 4 images. So, 4 \times 5 = 20.

For the Toy store, there are 7 images. So, 7 \times 5 = 35.

Filling in the table, we get:

b

How many children prefer the Sweets shop over the Games shop?

Worked Solution
Create a strategy

Subtract the number who chose the Games shop from the number that chose the Sweets shop.

Apply the idea

The Sweet shop is preferred by 25 children over the Games shop.

Idea summary

If each picture in a picture graph represents more than 1 item, then we need to multiply the number if pictures by the number of items it represents to find the frequency.

## Interpret picture graphs

This video shows us how we can use a picture graph to answer questions.

### Examples

#### Example 3

It’s "Back to school" time and a shop recorded the number of pens they sold this week.

a

How many pens were sold on Wednesday?

Worked Solution
Create a strategy

Count the number of pens for Wednesday and use the key.

Apply the idea

Each image of a pen represents 5 pens.

Wednesday has 4 pen images. So, 4 \times 5=20 pens.

The total number of pens sold on Wednesday is 20.

b

How many more pens were sold on Saturday than on Wednesday?

Worked Solution
Create a strategy

Subtract the number of pens sold on Wednesday from the number of pens sold on Saturday.

Apply the idea

Each image of a pen represents 5 pens.

Saturday has 5 pen images. So, 5 \times 5=25 pens.

5 more pens were sold on Saturday compared to Wednesday.

Idea summary

Another name for a picture graph is a pictograph. These graphs use pictures to represent data. One picture can have a value greater than 1, so we need to check the key to make sure we know what it represents.