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2.05 Proving segment relationships


Previously, we the definition of betweenness of points. This definition is actually an extension of the segment addition postulate.

Segment addition postulate

Given two points $A$A and $C$C, a third point $B$B lies on $\overline{AC}$AC if and only if the distances between the points satisfy the equation $AB+BC=AC$AB+BC=AC.

$A$A, $B$B, and $C$C are collinear with $B$B between $A$A and $C$C


We can apply the segment addition postulate, the definition of congruent segments, as well as the properties of equality and congruence to prove segment relationships in a diagram.


Practice questions

Question 1

Suppose that points $A$A, $B$B, and $C$C are collinear, with point $B$B between points $A$A and $C$C. Solve for $x$x if $AC=21$AC=21, $AB=15-x$AB=15x and $BC=4+2x$BC=4+2x. Justify each step.

Question 2

Given that the points $P$P, $Q$Q, $R$R, and $S$S are collinear, prove that $PQ=PS-QS$PQ=PSQS.

Question 3

In the image below, points $R$R, $S$S, $T$T, and $U$U are collinear. Given that $\overline{RT}$RT is congruent to $\overline{SU}$SU, prove that $\overline{RS}$RS is congruent to $\overline{TU}$TU.



Prove and apply theorems about lines and angles.

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