Pennsylvania 7 - 2020 Edition
2.03 Order of operations with rational numbers
Lesson
We've already learned about the order of operations, which tells us the steps to evaluating expressions with multiple operations.
Remember!
1. Evaluate operations inside grouping symbols such as parentheses (...) or absolute value |...|.
2. Evaluate exponents such as squares, cubes, or square roots.
3. Evaluate multiplication and division going from left to right.
4. Evaluate addition and subtraction going from left to right.

We use the same order of operations for rational numbers as we do for integers

Let's look through some examples of questions involving rational numbers and the order of operations.

#### Worked example

##### Question 1

Evaluate the expression: $8.5+7.2+\left(-1.3\right)$8.5+7.2+(1.3)

Think: Because this expression only contains addition we can skip to that step in the order of operations. Remember with addition we work from left to right.

Do

 $8.5+7.2+\left(-1.3\right)$8.5+7.2+(−1.3) $=$= $15.7+\left(-1.3\right)$15.7+(−1.3) Add $8.5$8.5 and $7.2$7.2 $=$= $15.7+\left(-1.3\right)$15.7+(−1.3) Adding $-1.3$−1.3 can be rewritten as subtracting positive $1.3$1.3 $=$= $15.7-1.3$15.7−1.3 Subtract $=$= $14.4$14.4

Now, let's give these a try.

#### Practice questions

##### Question 2

Calculate $86+\frac{3}{10}\times\left(-2\right)$86+310×(2).

##### Question 3

Conversion of temperature from Fahrenheit to Celsius is defined by the formula $C=\frac{5}{9}\left(F-32\right)$C=59(F32), where $F$F is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit and $C$C is the equivalent temperature in degrees Celsius. Given that $F=-4$F=4, calculate $C$C.

##### Question 4

David buys $3$3 shirts at $\$19.90$$19.90 each, and a pair of jeans for \20.50$$20.50. The shop has a sale on, and so he receives a $\$8.028.02 discount.

Write and solve a numerical expression for how much he spends in total.

### Outcomes

#### CC.2.2.7.B.3

Model and solve real-world and mathematical problems by using and connecting numerical, algebraic, and/or graphical representations.

#### M07.B-E.2.1.1

Apply properties of operations to calculate with numbers in any form; convert between forms as appropriate. Example: If a woman making $25 an hour gets a 10% raise, she will make an additional 1/10 of her salary an hour, or$2.50, for a new salary of $27.50 an hour (or 1.1 ×$25 = \$27.50)