6. Transformations

Lesson

Another type of transformation, known as a rotation comes from rotating an image about a fixed point. The fixed point the image is rotated about is known as the center of rotation.

Play with the applet below to explore the rotation transformation. Try changing the shape and size of the original triangle, then use the slider to change the angle of rotation.

The center of rotation does not always have to be a point on the image. Consider the figure below, which shows square $A$`A` being rotated about the point $O$`O`.

We can use a protractor to measure the angle of rotation between the original object and the rotated object. We can also use a protractor to measure the correct angle of rotation so we can draw the transformation.

**Solve:** Which is the correct image after triangle $A$`A` is rotated $90^\circ$90° counterclockwise about the point $O$`O`?

**Think:** What point is the image being rotated around and which direction is the image being rotated? We can draw some horizontal and vertical lines to help us visualize the rotation.

**Do:** First lets draw some horizontal and vertical lines so we can measure the angle of rotation.

Since we know that each quadrant has an angle of $90^\circ$90°, all we need to do is rotate the triangle $A$`A` to the next quadrant in an counterclockwise direction.

Rotating triangle $A$`A` by $90^\circ$90° counterclockwise around point $O$`O` leaves us at triangle $D$`D`, therefore triangle $D$`D` is the transformed shape.

**Reflect:** If we were to instead rotate triangle $A$`A` by $90^\circ$90° clockwise, the correct image would then be triangle $B$`B`.

Plot the translation of the point by moving it $11$11 units to the left and $9$9 units down.

- Loading Graph...

Plot the reflection of the triangle across the line $x=-1$`x`=−1.

- Loading Graph...

Consider the shape below. What shape is the result of a rotation by $180^\circ$180° clockwise about point $A$`A`?

- ABCDABCD

Describe the effect of dilations, translations, rotations, and reflections on two-dimensional figures using coordinates.