topic badge

6.03 Latitude and longitude

Worksheet
Longitude and latitude
1

Define:

a

Latitude

b

Longitude

2

Consider the map of Australia:

State the latitude and longitude of the following:

a

Canberra

b

Menzies

c

Darwin

3

The world map below shows the lines of longitude and latitude. Several locations are marked on the map:

a

Name the point that is located on the Prime Meridian.

b

Find the point which has coordinates of 60 \degree \text{S}, \, 60 \degree \text{W}.

c

Find the coordinates of point I.

d

How many degrees north is point I from point B?

e

How many degrees east is point I from point F?

f

State the point that has the same latitude as point G.

g

State the point that has the same longitude as point D.

4

Name the point in the diagram that has the coordinates (40 \degree \text{ S}, \, 13 \degree \text{ E}):

5

The table shows the latitudes and longitudes of several cities:

Determine which of these cities is closest to the following:

a

South Pole

b

Equator

CityLatitudeLongitude
\text{Nazareth}33\degree\text{N}35\degree\text{E}
\text{Bilbao}43\degree\text{N}3\degree\text{W}
\text{Swakopmund}23\degree\text{S}15\degree\text{E}
\text{Nelson}41\degree\text{S}173\degree\text{E}
\text{Whakatane}38\degree\text{S}177\degree\text{E}
\text{Port Douglas}16\degree\text{S}145\degree\text{E}
6

The diagram shows lines of longitude and latitude marked on a world map. Landmasses and water are represented by different colours.

State whether the following coordinates are located on a landmass or water:

a

(15 \degree \text{ S}, \, 45 \degree \text{ W})

b

(25 \degree \text{ N}, \, 75 \degree \text{ W})

c

(45 \degree \text{ N}, \, 90 \degree \text{ W})

d

(30 \degree \text{ S}, \, 15 \degree \text{ W})

7

Amsterdam is located at coordinates (52 \degree \text{ N}, \, 5 \degree \text{ E}). State whether the following cities are to the south or north of Amsterdam:

a

Beijing: (40 \degree \text{ N}, \, 116 \degree \text{ E})

b

London: (51 \degree \text{ N}, \, 0 \degree \text{ W})

c

Dublin: (53 \degree \text{N}, \, 6 \degree \text{W})

d

Copenhagen: (55 \degree \text{ N}, \, 12 \degree \text{ E})

8

The table shows the latitude and longitude of several cities:

List the cities that are in the northern hemisphere.

CityLatitudeLongitude
\text{Stavenegr}59\degree\text{N}6\degree\text{E}
\text{Melo}32\degree\text{S}54\degree\text{W}
\text{Uxbridge}52\degree\text{N}0\degree\text{W}
\text{Puerto Williams}55\degree\text{S}68\degree\text{W}
\text{El Tigre}9\degree\text{N}64\degree\text{W}
\text{Quissico}25\degree\text{S}35\degree\text{E}
9

The table shows the latitude and longitude of several cities:

Determine which of these cities is closest to the following:

a

Line of latitude at 40 \degree \text{N}.

b

Line of latitude at 10 \degree \text{S}.

CityLatitudeLongitude
\text{Zagreb}46\degree\text{N}16\degree\text{E}
\text{Comallo}41\degree\text{S}70\degree\text{W}
\text{Eden}37\degree\text{N}80\degree\text{W}
\text{San José}10\degree\text{N}84\degree\text{W}
\text{Nagele}5\degree\text{N}40\degree\text{E}
\text{Lobamba}26\degree\text{S}31\degree\text{E}
10

The table below shows the latitude and longitude of several cities.

Determine which of these cities is closest to the following:

a

Line of longitude at 80 \degree \text{E}.

b

Line of longitude at 175 \degree \text{W}.

CityLatitudeLongitude
\text{Bangkok}14\degree\text{N}101\degree\text{E}
\text{Paris}49\degree\text{N}2\degree\text{E}
\text{Wellington}41\degree\text{S}175\degree\text{E}
\text{Suva}18\degree\text{S}178\degree\text{E}
\text{Perm}58\degree\text{N}56\degree\text{E}
\text{Salem}37\degree\text{N}80\degree\text{W}
11

State the coordinates of Town A given the following:

a

Town A is 8 \degree south of Town B which has coordinates of (20 \degree \text{ S}, \, 155 \degree \text{ E}).

b

Town A is 6 \degree west of Town B which has coordinates of (21 \degree \text{ N}, \, 140 \degree \text{ E}).

c

Town A is 7 \degree south and 10 \degree west of Town B which has coordinates of (25 \degree \text{ N}, \, 154 \degree \text{ E}).

12

The location of City A is (35 \degree \text{N}, 173 \degree \text{W}) and the location of City B is (44 \degree \text{N}, 160 \degree \text{W}).

a

Calculate the difference in latitude between the pair of cities.

b

Which city is south of the other?

13

Calculate the difference in longitude between City A at (23 \degree \text{S}, 22 \degree \text{W}) and City B at (17 \degree \text{S}, 72 \degree \text{E}).

14

Consider the city of Melbourne at latitude 38 \degree \text{S} and longitude 145 \degree \text{E}.

Determine the latitude and longitude of the following:

a

30 \degree north of Melbourne.

b

30 \degree south of Melbourne.

c

30 \degree east of Melbourne.

d

30 \degree west of Melbourne.

15

Consider the city of Pyongyang at latitude 39 \degree \text{N} and longitude 126 \degree \text{E}.

Determine the latitude and longitude of the following:

a

20 \degree north of Pyongyang.

b

20 \degree south of Pyongyang.

c

20 \degree east of Pyongyang.

d

20 \degree west of Pyongyang.

16

Consider the city of Alofi at latitude 19 \degree \text{S} and longitude 170 \degree \text{W}.

Determine the latitude and longitude of the following:

a

15 \degree north of Alofi.

b

15 \degree south of Alofi.

c

15 \degree east of Alofi.

d

15 \degree west of Alofi.

17

Consider the city of Springbok at latitude 30 \degree \text{S} and longitude 18 \degree \text{E}.

Determine the latitude and longitude of the following:

a

39 \degree north of Springbok.

b

39 \degree south of Springbok.

c

39 \degree east of Springbok.

d

39 \degree west of Springbok.

18

Patricia is going to travel to various destinations, and begins her journey at point D shown on the map:

a

State the coordinates of her starting position, D.

b

Her change in latitude and longitude after each part of her journey is represented in the table below. Complete the table with the coordinates of her starting and finishing positions after each part of her journey:

Part of JourneyStarting PositionChange in LatitudeChange in LongitudeFinishing Position
1(45 \degree \text{ N}, 75 \degree \text{ E})9 \degree \text{ N}7 \degree \text{ W}
212 \degree \text{ S}16 \degree \text{ E}
c

State the difference in longitude and latitude between her finishing position at the end of the second part of the journey, and point A.

19

The expression "travel to the ends of the Earth" suggests travelling to the farthest possible places.

Find the coordinates of the point on Earth that is the greatest possible distance from the point with coordinates 67 \degreeS, 99 \degreeE.

Sign up to access worksheet
Get full access to our content with a Mathspace account.

Outcomes

MS11-4

performs calculations in relation to two-dimensional and three-dimensional figures

What is Mathspace

About Mathspace