There are many applications of finding the volume of a sphere. Below are just a few examples:
The volume of a sphere with radius $r$r can be calculated using the following formula:
$\text{Volume of sphere }=\frac{4}{3}\pi r^3$Volume of sphere =43πr3
We won't be expected to recreate this proof, but it can be interesting to read through.
If four points on the surface of a sphere are joined to the center of the sphere, then a pyramid of perpendicular height r is formed, as shown in the diagram. Consider the solid sphere to be built with a large number of these solid pyramids that have a very small base which represents a small portion of the surface area of a sphere.
If $A_1$A1, $A_2$A2, $A_3$A3, $A_4$A4, .... , $A_n$An represent the base areas (of all the pyramids) on the surface of a sphere (and these bases completely cover the surface area of the sphere), then,
$\text{Volume of sphere }$Volume of sphere | $=$= | $\text{Sum of all the volumes of all the pyramids }$Sum of all the volumes of all the pyramids |
$V$V | $=$= | $\frac{1}{3}A_1r+\frac{1}{3}A_2r+\frac{1}{3}A_3r+\frac{1}{3}A_4r$13A1r+13A2r+13A3r+13A4r $\text{+ ... +}$+ ... + $\frac{1}{3}A_nr$13Anr |
$=$= | $\frac{1}{3}$13 $($( $A_1+A_2+A_3+A_4$A1+A2+A3+A4 $\text{+ ... +}$+ ... + $A_n$An $)$) $r$r | |
$=$= | $\frac{1}{3}\left(\text{Surface area of the sphere }\right)r$13(Surface area of the sphere )r | |
$=$= | $\frac{1}{3}\times4\pi r^2\times r$13×4πr2×r | |
$=$= | $\frac{4}{3}\pi r^3$43πr3 |
where $r$r is the radius of the sphere.
Find the volume of a marble with a diameter of $2.3$2.3 cm, to two decimal places.
Think: We have been given the diameter instead of the radius, but the formula uses the radius. Since $r=\frac{D}{2}$r=D2, we can determine that the radius is $\frac{2.3}{2}$2.32 or $1.15$1.15 cm.
Do:
$V$V | $=$= | $\frac{4}{3}\pi r^3$43πr3 |
State the formula |
$V$V | $=$= | $\frac{4}{3}\pi\times1.15^3$43π×1.153 |
Fill in the given information |
$V$V | $=$= | $6.370626$6.370626... |
Using a calculator, evaluate using the $\pi$π button |
$V$V | $=$= | $6.37$6.37 |
Round to two decimals |
Find the volume of the sphere shown.
Round your answer to two decimal places.
A sphere has a radius $r$r cm long and a volume of $\frac{343\pi}{3}$343π3 cm^{3}. Find the radius of the sphere.
Round your answer to two decimal places.
Enter each line of working as an equation.
Use surface area and volume of three-dimensional objects to solve practical problems