Lesson

When we looked at factors of numbers , we found that some numbers only had themselves and 1 as factors, while others have more factors. Try this problem to review finding the factors of a number.

Drag the sliders to find multiples of numbers from 1 to 12.

The number sentence shows us multiples of the numbers on the left, and factors of the number on the right. e.g. 6\times 8=48 means that 6 and 8 are factors of 48, and that 48 is a multiple of 6 and of 8.

Which of these numbers is 6 a factor of?

A

30

B

32

C

17

D

39

Worked Solution

Idea summary

6\times 8=48 means that 6 and 8 are factors of 48, and that 48 is a multiple of 6 and of 8.

What are prime and composite numbers? How can we determine if a number is prime or composite? Let's take a look and see.

True or False? 40 is a composite number.

Worked Solution

True or False? 79 is a prime number.

Worked Solution

Idea summary

Every whole number greater than 1 is either a prime number or a composite number

All even numbers greater than 2 are composite numbers

To be a prime number, a number can only have itself and 1 as factors

0 and 1 are not prime or composite numbers

Identify and describe properties of prime, composite, square and triangular numbers.