Victorian Curriculum Year 4 - 2021 Edition
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4.03 Story problems
Lesson

Are you ready?

Sometimes, we need to know how to write a number sentence from a story problem.

There were $2$2 rows of trees in a field, with $3$3 trees in each row.

  1. Write a number sentence for this story problem to find the total number of trees in the field.

Learn

How do we know if we need to multiply or divide, when we have a story problem? Let's see if we can find some clues, in this video.

Apply

A teacher wants to divide up her class of $6$6 students evenly onto $3$3 tables.

  1. Write a division number sentence for this word problem.

  2. How many students will there be at each table?

Remember!
  • If we have a total to share, we use division to work out how many groups, or how many in each group.
  • If we have a number of equally sized groups, we need to multiply to work out the total. 
  • Multiplication and division are opposites but you can use fact families to help you to solve questions.

Outcomes

VCMNA155

Recall multiplication facts up to 10 × 10 and related division facts

VCMNA156

Develop efficient mental and written strategies and use appropriate digital technologies for multiplication and for division where there is no remainder

VCMNA162

Solve word problems by using number sentences involving multiplication or division where there is no remainder

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