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9.06 Volume of prisms and cylinders

Worksheet
Volume of prisms
1

For each of the following prisms:

i

State the shape of the prism's base.

ii

Find the area of the prism's base.

iii

Find the volume of the prism.

a
b
c
d
2

Find the volume of the following prisms:

a
b
c
d
e
f
g
3

A triangular prism with a base area of 20 \,\text{cm}^2 and a height of 10 \,\text{cm}. Find its volume.

4

An octagonal prism with a base area of 80 \,\text{mm}^2 and a height of 120 \,\text{mm}. Find its volume.

Volume of cylinders
5

Rochelle notices that the base of a cylinder is always a circle. To save working out time, Rochelle decides to combine the area formula A = \pi r^{2} with the volume formula V = A h.

By substituting the area formula into the volume formula, state the formula Rochelle gets for the volume of a cylinder.

6

Consider the solid shown in the diagram:

a

State the shape of the base of this solid.

b

Find the exact area of the solid's base.

c

Find the exact volume of the solid.

7

Find the volume of the following solids, rounding your answers to one decimal place:

a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
Volume of composite solids
8

For each of the following composite solids:

i

State the basic shapes used to make this composite shape.

ii

Find the area of the solid's base, rounded to three decimal places.

iii

Find the volume of the solid, rounded to two decimal places.

a
b
c
d
9

Find the volume of the following composite solids. Round your answers to two decimal places where necessary.

a
b
c
d
e
f
Unknown side given the volume
10

The following rectangular prism has a volume of 168\text{ mm}^3:

Find the length, a, of the rectangular prism.

11

The following rectangular prism has a volume of 1680\text{ mm}^3:

Find the width of the rectangular prism in millimetres.

12

The volume of the triangular prism shown is 231\text{ cm}^3.

Find the value of k.

13

The volume of the triangular prism shown is 247.45\text{ cm}^{3}.

Find the value of y to one decimal place.

14

A prism has a volume of 770 \,\text{cm}^3. Given it has a height of 11 \,\text{cm}, find the base area of the prism.

15

A prism has a volume of 990 \,\text{cm}^3. Given it has a base area of 110 \,\text{cm}^2, find the height of the prism.

16

Find the side length of a cube with volume 27 \text{ cm}^{3}.

17

Find the length of the rectangular prism with volume 162 \text{ cm}^{3}, width 6 \text{ cm} and height 3 \text{ cm}.

Applications
18

A garden bed is 5 \text{ m} in length, 2 \text{ m} in width and 20 \text{ cm} in height.

Find the volume of soil in cubic metres that will be needed to fill up the garden bed.

19

A hollow cylindrical pipe has the dimensions shown below:

a

Calculate the volume of the pipe shown, correct to two decimal places.

b

Calculate the weight of the pipe if 1 \text { cm}^3 of metal weighs 5.7\text { g}, rounding your answer to one decimal place.

20

A wedding cake with three tiers is shown. The layers have radii of 51\text{ cm}, 55\text{ cm} and 59\text{ cm}. If each layer is 20\text{ cm} high, calculate the total volume of the cake in cubic metres.

Round your answer to two decimal places.

21

Jack's mother told him to drink 3 large bottles of water each day. She gave him a cylindrical bottle with height 17\text{ cm} and radius 5\text{ cm}.

a

Find the volume of the bottle. Round your answer to two decimal places.

b

Assuming that he drinks 3 full bottles as his mother suggested, calculate the volume of water Jack drinks each day. Round your answer to two decimal places.

c

If Jack follows this drinking routine for a week, how many litres of water would he drink altogether? Round your answer to the nearest litre.

22

A swimming pool has the shape of a trapezoidal prism as shown in the diagram:

a

Find the volume of the pool in cubic metres.

b

If the pool is three-quarters full what is the volume of the non filled space of the pool.

c

If the distance of the water level to the top of the pool is h m when it is is three-quarters full, then find h.

23

A box of tissues is in the shape of a rectangular prism. It has a length of 39 \text{ cm}, a width of19 \text{ cm} and a height of 11 \text{ cm}.

a

Find the volume of the box.

b

If the shelf at the supermarket is 95 \text{ cm} long and has a depth of 40 \text{ cm}, find the maximum number of tissue boxes that can fit on the shelf.

24

A special refrigerator is used to store medical samples and has dimensions 18 \text{ cm} by 70 \text{ cm} by 12 \text{ cm}. The samples are stored in small containers that have dimensions 20 \text{ mm} \times 50 \text{ mm} \times 20 \text{ mm}.

Assuming both the refrigerator and the sample containers are rectangular prisms,

a

Find the dimensions of the sample containers in centimetres.

b

Find the volume of a sample container.

c

Find the volume of the fridge.

d

How many containers can be stored in the fridge?

25

This nesting box needs to have a volume of 129\,978\text{ cm}^{3}, a height of 83\text{ cm} and a width of 54\text{ cm}. Find the depth, d, of the box.

26

The volume of the following tent is 4.64\text{ m}^3.

Find the height, h, of the tent.

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Outcomes

MA4-14MG

uses formulas to calculate the volumes of prisms and cylinders, and converts between units of volume

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